Top ten in three major areas of environmental moni

2022-08-21
  • Detail

After 40 years of development, China's environmental monitoring industry has initially formed a system and mechanism suitable for China's national conditions, and formulated the corresponding legal system and management regulations. At present, with the deepening of the national environmental protection strategy and the three-dimensional environmental needs of the public, environmental monitoring is facing a series of inadaptable problems and the resulting huge pressure. The reform and improvement of policies, methods and remediation programs are imperative

2017 is the year of the end of the "ten articles of atmosphere" and the year of fruitful achievements in the field of environmental monitoring in China. Various new policies, new methods and new schemes have been implemented to serve the smooth implementation of environmental monitoring. Next, the author will take stock of the ten policy plans issued and implemented in 2017

interpretation of the guiding opinions on accelerating the development of environmental protection equipment manufacturing industry

in order to implement the made in China 2025 and the 13th five year plan for the development of national strategic emerging industries, comprehensively promote green manufacturing, improve the level of environmental protection equipment manufacturing industry, and promote the sustainable and healthy development of environmental protection industry, The Ministry of industry and information technology has studied and formulated the guiding opinions on accelerating the development of environmental protection equipment manufacturing industry (hereinafter referred to as the Guiding Opinions). The goal is that by 2020, the innovation ability of the industry will be significantly improved, new breakthroughs will be made in key core technologies, and the innovation driven industry development system will be basically completed. The effective supply capacity of advanced environmental protection technology and equipment has been significantly improved, and the market share has increased significantly. The main technical equipment has basically reached the international advanced level, and the international competitiveness has been significantly enhanced. The industrial structure has been continuously optimized, a number of standardized enterprises with demonstration and leading role have been supported in each key field, ten leading enterprises with a scale of 10 billion yuan have been cultivated, thousands of "specialized, special and new" small and medium-sized enterprises have been created, and several industrial clusters with strong driving effect and bright characteristics have been formed. The output value of environmental protection equipment manufacturing industry reached 1 trillion yuan

in terms of atmosphere

the Ministry of environmental protection issued the implementation plan for the transmission of ozone standards for automatic ambient air monitoring

ozone pollution is volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) at high temperatures, 2 Providing stress value and strain value, the secondary pollutants produced under the influence of strong light weather are one of the six categories of pollutants in China's daily air quality monitoring. In recent years, the concentration of ozone in key regions of China has shown an upward trend. Especially in summer and autumn, ozone has become the primary pollutant in some cities. To this end, China is strengthening the governance of ozone pollution. The Ministry of environmental protection issued the implementation plan for the transmission of ozone standards for automatic ambient air monitoring (Trial) and its supporting four operation instructions to promote the improvement of China's ozone monitoring quality control system

China's first "guidelines for the monitoring of atmospheric VOCs" was released in Beijing

VOCs, namely "volatile organic compounds", is the general name of all organic compounds discharged into the air at room temperature in the form of gaseous molecules. VOCs are not only highly toxic in themselves, but also important precursors and participants that affect regional air composite pollution in China. China's 13th five year plan outlines the inclusion of VOCs in binding indicators for the first time, and the Ministry of environmental protection has issued a series of VOCs monitoring standards and treatment plans. At present, 17 provinces in China, including Beijing and Shanghai, have imposed VOCs emission charges. Shanghai, Tianjin, Shenzhen and other cities require monitoring. On November 21, China's first "guidelines for the evaluation of atmospheric VOCs monitoring system" (hereinafter referred to as "guidelines") was released in Beijing. The guidelines regulate the current situation of the domestic VOCs monitoring technology market and provide a guarantee for obtaining accurate, scientific and effective monitoring data

the Ministry of environmental protection issued four technical guidelines, including the technical guide for the layout of atmospheric PM2.5 grid monitoring points (Trial)

pm2.5 refers to particles with aerodynamic equivalent diameter less than or equal to 2.5 microns (solid and liquid particles that can be suspended in the air). It is rich in a large number of toxic and harmful substances, and has a long residence time in the atmosphere and a long transportation distance, which has a greater impact on human health and atmospheric environmental quality. In order to implement the environmental protection law of the people's Republic of China and the law of the people's Republic of China on the prevention and control of air pollution, standardize the work of atmospheric grid monitoring, and further improve the refinement and informatization level of atmospheric pollution prevention and control, our ministry has organized the preparation of four technical guidelines, including the "technical guide for the layout of M2.5 grid monitoring points (Trial)". Among them, the atmospheric PM2.5 grid monitoring system grid monitoring equipment adopts the measurement method of light scattering method. This type of equipment has the characteristics of small volume and light weight

In terms of water quality, the three ministries jointly issued the water pollution prevention and control plan for key river basins (year)

the Ministry of environmental protection, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of water resources recently jointly issued the water pollution prevention and control plan for key river basins (year) (hereinafter referred to as the plan). As the fifth phase of the five-year special plan for water pollution prevention and control in key river basins, the plan is based on the long-term historical process of water pollution prevention and control in China, takes the refinement and implementation of the objectives, requirements, tasks and measures of the action plan for water pollution prevention and control as the basic positioning, takes the improvement of water environment quality as the core, and adheres to the systematic thinking of the overall protection of mountains, rivers, forests, lakes and grasses and the "overall planning of water resources, water ecology and water environment", Based on the control unit, the differentiated requirements of watershed zoning, classification and classification management are clarified, which provides a guide for the prevention and control of water pollution in various regions

the notice on doing a good job in collecting the authority of national surface water environmental quality was issued

collecting the authority of surface water monitoring is a practical demand to improve environmental monitoring capacity and reduce grass-roots pressure, and an important guarantee to strengthen data application and sharing and meet the needs of the public and society. The Ministry of environmental protection issued the "notice on doing a good job in collecting the authority of national surface water environmental quality monitoring", which specifies the basic situation of collecting the authority of surface water environmental quality monitoring in China. The work of collecting the power of national surface water environmental quality monitoring is carried out in the way of synchronous promotion and distributed implementation of the separation of sampling and measurement and the construction of water stations. The launch of this work will improve the ability and level of automatic water quality monitoring, realize the real-time sharing of monitoring data and information disclosure, and provide important support for surface water monitoring

the two ministries and commissions jointly issued the measures for the performance evaluation of special funds for water pollution prevention and control.

in order to strengthen the management of special funds for water pollution prevention and control (hereinafter referred to as special funds), improve the standardization, safety and effectiveness of the use of funds, support and guide the realization of the goals and tasks of the action plan for water pollution prevention and control (GF [2015] No. 17), In accordance with relevant laws and regulations and the notice of the Ministry of Finance on printing and distributing the measures for the management of performance objectives of central and local special transfer payments (Cai Yu [2015] No. 163), the measures for the performance evaluation of special funds for water pollution prevention and control are formulated. The implementation of the measures will speed up the progress of water pollution control in China and ensure the implementation of China's water pollution prevention and control plan

in the field of soil

the 2017 national technical requirements for soil environmental monitoring was officially issued

in order to further improve the 2017 national soil environmental monitoring work, in accordance with the requirements of the 2017 national environmental monitoring key points and the notice on doing a good job of 2017 soil monitoring, the China National Environmental Monitoring Station prepared and issued the 2017 national technical requirements for soil environmental monitoring. It is worth noting that the requirements, starting from the top-level design, scientifically and professionally introduces the monitoring items and technical requirements, including detailed requirements for sample collection, sample circulation, sample preparation, analysis and testing, etc

the Ministry of agriculture defines the observation and monitoring tasks in 10 disciplines such as soil quality

with the continuous progress of science and technology, China's requirements in agricultural production are also gradually improving. In order to systematically observe, observe and record the agricultural production factors and their dynamic changes for a long time, clarify the internal relations and development laws, so as to promote agricultural scientific and technological innovation and guide agricultural production, the Ministry of agriculture decided to launch the basic and long-term agricultural scientific and technological work such as soil quality monitoring throughout the country. The Ministry of Agriculture issued a notice on starting the basic and long-term scientific and technological work in agriculture. The deployment and arrangement of agricultural production and other related work will help promote agricultural scientific and technological innovation and effectively guide agricultural production. At the same time, it will also promote the launch of agricultural basic long-term scientific and technological work such as soil quality monitoring as soon as possible

the Ministry of environmental protection and the Ministry of Agriculture recently jointly issued the measures for the management of soil environment on agricultural land (for Trial Implementation)

the ten articles on soil clearly requires the release of the measures for the management of soil environment on agricultural land. The promulgation of the measures will provide a basis for the management of agricultural land soil environment, and is of great significance to the management of agricultural land soil environment, the prevention and control of agricultural land soil pollution risks, and the quality and safety of agricultural products. In this context, the Ministry of environmental protection and the Ministry of Agriculture recently jointly issued the "measures for the management of agricultural land soil environment (Trial)" (hereinafter referred to as the "measures") to carry out classified management of agricultural land, so as to provide important basis and method guidance for the national soil pollution control and comprehensively improve the problems faced by China's soil environment

as we all know, environmental issues have always been one of the hot topics in society. In recent years, due to the rapid economic development of our country, industrial emissions such as waste gas and waste water and man-made damage have made the existing environmental problems worse. Faced with such a severe environmental pollution situation, the state has actively taken a number of measures to rectify and achieve certain results. In the year when the "ten articles of atmosphere" came to an end, various environmental protection laws and regulations were issued one after another, the environmental protection tax law, the strategic emerging industry plan, the amendment to the water pollution prevention law, the implementation of the 13th five year plan for ecological environmental protection, and the renewal and research and development of various instruments and equipment have effectively improved the current environmental situation in China. In the future, with the joint efforts of all parties in the society, it will promote China's environmental protection big Bayer materials technology to develop a new aqueous polyurethane adhesive solution industry suitable for the Chinese market to a new level

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI